Root canal treatment is a dental procedure that is performed by a dentist in order to not only repair but also save a tooth that is either infected or damaged badly. This procedure is considered an alternative to extraction and dental implant. As the name suggests, root canal entails cleaning canals that are inside the roots of the tooth. Here is a step by step guide to root canal treatment:
- First, local anesthesia is injected into the gums around the tooth that requires treatment to numb the surroundings. Numbing may take a while where surrounding is painful due to acute inflammation of the pulp in the tooth.
- A dental dam is them inserted to separate the infected tooth and get it ready for treatment. Isolation the tooth using the dental dam helps to create a sterile environment devoid of contamination.
- Drilling of a small access hole is then done on the surface that is used for biting for the affected tooth to get to the pulp chamber as well as root canal.
- Once accessed, the dead and pulp tissue is removed using specialized instruments that are used for cleaning the pulp chamber and root canal. This procedure is not painful since the surroundings are numb while the tissue is dead. Once the nerves and pulp are removed the tooth can never feel pain.
- Disinfection of the canals using antibacterial solutions of antiseptic is then done.
- Once disinfected, the canals are shaped so that they can receive dental filling and sealer’s before being cleaned
and washed to get rid of debris before sealing them.
- The selection of root canal fillings is carefully done to fit into the canals that are freshly prepared. Generally, a rubber like material referred to as gutta-percha is used in filling the space in the canal. This thermoplastic material is usually heated before being compressed against and into the root canal walls in order to seal them. This is done with the aid of a sealer; a type of adhesive cement, the canal space is filled. This stage is crucial because it prevents possible re-infection of the canal with bacteria. A crown is then placed on the tooth to seal ad also protect it from future damage and recontamination.
- A permanent or temporary filling material is then put to close up the access hole made at the beginning of the procedure. This is followed by the removal of the dental dam. In the event that the tooth cannot hold the filling in place then a post may be placed in the canals to help hold it.
Once all the above procedures are completed successfully, antibiotics may be prescribed for treatment or prevention of infections. Most importantly, ensure that you observe the instructions from your endodontist. If you are considering getting a root canal done, you will do well to get in touch with Joshua Hong DSS who is a qualified and experienced dentist in this field. Having performed hundreds of dental restoration procedures, you can be sure to get permanent restoration for your tooth either through a crown or dental filling.